So while the case for photo ID is rather plain, the issue is caught up in pre-existing partisan passions. The irony is that photo ID may not, by itself, solve the problem of fraud. Though a recent study suggests that significant numbers of non-citizens vote (illegally), the researchers also conclude that photo ID would not be a deterrent. As GOP candidate for California Secretary of State Pete Peterson has pointed out, the greater problems with fraud occur with filing signatures and registration–i.e. long before voters cast their ballots.
And while Republicans have resisted nationalizing voting systems or ID documents, Democrats have also lacked the will to follow through on voting changes they once backed, such as Electoral College reform.
So the fight over photo ID remains frozen, emotionally, in the frustration and fear of that long Florida winter.